Kana (MAMA XI 355-364)

Until the mid-twentieth century, the tiny modern hamlet of Gene (now renamed Beşağıl) preserved the ancient name of the small town of Kana, the southernmost of the three poleis of eastern Lykaonia. Like its neighbours to the north, Perta and Savatra, virtually nothing is known of the history of the town. The only surviving public monuments are honorific inscriptions for the emperors Trajan and Probus (MAMA VIII 211 and 212, cf. 213), erected by the boule and demos of Kana (Κανέων ἡ βουλὴ καὶ ὁ δῆμος); the former monument shows the existence of a temple to Trajan.1

MAMA XI includes ten texts from Kana (nos. 355-364), all from the village of Gene (now Beşağıl) and neighbouring Gene Yaylası (now Çiftlik Yaylası, 4km NNW of Gene), recorded by William Calder in 1954 and by Michael Ballance in 1957. So far as I know, these ten texts, along with the sixteen inscriptions published in MAMA VIII (nos. 211-225), constitute the complete published corpus of Kana.2

List of monuments from Kana


1. Callander 1906: 161-3; TIB Galatien 185, s.v. Kan(n)a; Mitchell 1993: I 97; Thonemann 2011b (Christian community).

2. Of the five inscriptions from Kana published by Callander 1906: 162-3, nos. 18-22, four were republished in MAMA VIII (nos. 211, 212, 215, 221); the fifth is republished here as MAMA XI 357. Callander 1906: 163, no. 20 (Ἀθην[ί]|ων [μνῆ]|μα π[α]|τρὸς|(5) ἀνέσ|τησε|ν μν[ή]|μης χά|ριν) was republished, as if new, in MAMA VIII 215 (Ἀθηνί̣|ω(ν) Νικ[ο]|μᾶ π[α]|τρὸς|(5) ἀνέσ|τησε|ν μνή|μη|ς χάρ[ι]|ν). Both sets of restorations in lines 1-4 are unsatisfactory: read instead Ἀθηνί̣|ωνι σ̣[ῆ]|μα Π[έ]|τρος| (5) ἀνέσ|τησε|ν κτλ., ‘Petros set this gravestone up for Athenion’.